The implementation of the laws is aimed to provide every member of society with access to justice. It is the main objective in the establishment of the guidelines in the disclosure of information in criminal cases. Although the said action can only be considered a single area in the trial of cases, it is one of the manifestations of a fair trial and a road to the achievement of justice. An example of the said action is within the constraints of the Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act of 1996, which is mainly focused on the impartial disclosure of information.
In the process, the sources of the said information are needed to be protected. The said action is also guided by the Act, thus, ensuring the safety of the information and the prevention of degradation of the value of the gathered evidence . To establish the governing guidelines on the disclosure of information, the conditions and the needs for the process is discussed. Conditions in Disclosure of Information In the event of disclosure of information there are different conditions that are undertaken to be able to achieve the related goals.
Included in the considerations are the different groups and agencies that involved. Along with them are the legal entries that will serve as guidelines for the action of disclosure of information. A. The Personnel and Agencies There are different groups of personnel involved in the disclosure process. Each group that is included has definite functions to be undertaken which contribute to the success of the trial process and even the disclosure.
One group of personnel includes the investigators (such as forensics) and the officers (the police or other law enforcement personnel) that are in charge of the disclosure process. They are responsible for the gathering, processing and safekeeping of the information that is considered material to the case, referred to as the chain of evidence. In cases wherein evidence exists that need to be presented at the trial, it is the responsibility of these officers to draw attention to the data available to them as a result of their investigative endeavours.
Another group involved in the disclosure process are the prosecutors that analyze the information and the evidence presented to them as the basis for the arguments in the case. The prosecutors present the information in a clear and concise way to the court as it relates to the facts of the case before them and attempts to make use of the information to influence the decisions of the court. Mainly the job of the prosecutors is to provide a fair presentation of the disclosure .
The prosecution counsel and solicitor advocates comprise another group. They are responsible for the fair treatment of the information that is presented along with help of the solicitor advocates. Another requirement for the presentation of the information is the group of defence practitioners that responsible for the disclosure process itself by focusing on the actions that are needed to be undertaken .